Cádiz - the town - Photos Andalusia 2019

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Cádiz - the town
Cádiz is said to be one of the oldest, continuously inhabited towns in Western Europe. The old town lies at the end of a spit of land which encloses a large natural harbour. Extensive low-lying, marshy land makes the area very defensible from the land side.

It's had an eventful history. Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón) sailed from there on two of his voyages. The Wikipedia diambiguation page for "Battle of Cádiz" lists no fewer than 10 events, including an attack by Sir Francis Drake which became known as "The Singeing of the King of Spain's beard" and delayed the Armada by a year. The commander of the Armada was from a nearby town, Medina-Sidonia.

In the 18th century, when large ships could no longer reach Seville as the River Guadalquivir became unnavigable to them, Cádiz became the home to the Spanish trade with its American possessions and became extremely wealthy, and an even more tempting target. It was blockaded by the British from 1797 to the start of the Peninsular War in 1808 (apart from a brief break during the Peace of Amiens in 1802-3).

Cádiz was besieged by the French from February 1810 to August 1812 (see my page here). During this time the first Spanish Constitution was developed and proclaimed in March 1812 (see my page here). The battle of Barrosa was fought on 5th March 1811 in an attempt to break the siege (see my page here).
Cádiz today and showing the changes between the 18th and 21st centurys.
Castillo de Santa Catalina.

Built after the Anglo-Dutch looting in 1596 to protect the Santa Catalina cove. Star shaped, with two bastions and a moat.
Castillo de Santa Catalina
Castillo de Santa Catalina
Castillo de Santa Catalina from the causeway to Castillo San Sebastián.
The causeway out to Castillo San Sebastián.
Castillo de Santa Catalina is on the right.
Castillo de Santa Catalina
The causeway and Castillo San Sebastián.
Castillo San Sebastián.

It was very windy and the causeway was very exposed.
More views of Castillo San Sebastián.
The Torre Tavira was the principal town watch tower and now houses an observation deck and Camera Obscura.
Panorama from the Torre Tavira.
Far left is the roof of the Oratorio de San Felipe Neri where the 1812 constitution was debated and signed. The cathedral with its two towers and golden dome is towards the right. The new bridge, opened in 2012, leading to the Trocadero, now a port and industrial area, is visible to the left of the cathedral.
The centre of the panorama is approximately due East.
Panorama from the Torre Tavira.
This stretches from the cathedral on the left and overlaps the one above.
The street in the centre is Sacramento and runs north-west.
More views from the Torre Tavira.
Some photos around the Old Town.
Text and photos copyright John Haines 2015-21.
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